Stained Glass Windows
The Transfiguration of the Redeemer of Mt. Tabor Window is a replication of a section of Raphael’s oil painting, “The Transfiguration.” In this window, Peter, James and John are awestruck as Christ’s glory is shown with Moses and Elijah beside him. Scripture tells us that, at the Transfiguration, Christ told these Apostles that He would suffer as Elijah suffered. (Matthew 17:12).
The Agony in the Garden Window depicts Christ praying to His heavenly Father in anticipation of the Chalice of the Passion, which the angel is presenting symbolically to Him, with the Apostles Peter, James and John, (the same three he took to witness His Transfiguration), now heavy with sleep. When he rose said to them, “Why are you sleeping? Get up and pray that you may not undergo the test.” (Luke 22:35-46).
The Last Supper Window depicts the first Mass being celebrated in the upper room. Christ is surrounded by his Apostles who all look toward him in awe, with the exception of Judas who looks away in shame. This, along with his absence of a halo, pulls Judas away from the crowd. The artist uses this contrast to show the connection between the Eucharist and Christ’s sacrifice.
The St. Patrick Window shows St. Patrick as a teacher with kings looking on him in awe. St. Patrick holds in his hand the shamrock, which he used to explain the nature of the Trinity while spreading Christianity throughout Ireland. St. Patrick is a reminder of Christ’s command, “Go … to all peoples everywhere and make them my disciples.” (Matthew 29:19).
The Crucifixion Window depicts Christ crucified with his mother at his feet and the two Marys standing nearby. The dedication placed at the bottom reads, “It is consummated”, referring to Christ’s sacrifice reaching perfection. The icon for this window is three nails, for the three nails used to crucify Christ.
The Our Lady of Lourdes Window puts into art the story of the Blessed Virgin Mary appearing to St. Bernadette in 1858 in a grotto in Lourdes, France. It was during one of her apparitions, in the course of the year, that the Blessed Mother revealed that she was immaculately conceived.
The Right Doorway Window show two images from Christ’s childhood. The left image is a depiction of Jesus leaving the Temple. He is seen speaking with the scribes, “All were amazed at his understanding and his answers.” (Luke 2:47). The right image shows Jesus as a boy working with St. Joseph as a carpenter, “He came to Nazareth and was subject to them,” (Luke 2:51), which comes from the same story.
The Left Rear Doorway Windows show two images of Christ our Savior. The left image shows Christ beaten, with a crown of thorns only moments before he was sentenced to death, “Pilate said to them, ‘Behold the Man” (John 19:6). The right image shows Christ as king with a golden crown rather than a crown of thorns. The inscription is the response Christ gave to Pilate during his trial. “Thou sayest it, I am king”, (Luke 23:3).
The Sacred Heart Window depicts the story of Christ’s apparition, showing his burning heart to St. Margaret Mary Alacoque in her convent at Paray-le-Monial in South Central France. It is here that Christ gave His promises of the Sacred Heart and started the great Catholic devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, which continues today.
The Resurrection of our Divine Lord Window depicts Christ’s resurrection from the tomb on the first Easter morning. Along with two awestruck guards, Christ is shown holding a banner in his left hand, a symbol of victory over death. With his right, Christ holds his hand in a blessing as a sign of the power of God. “… but thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.” (1 Corinthians 15:57).
The Magi Window depicts the arrival of the Magi, bringing gifts to the newborn Christ. A small blue light shines down from the top right corner of the window, illuminating Christ and setting him and his Mother apart from the other figures in the crowd. Notice, also, that all of the figures are facing Christ, making him central to the scene, although not physically in the center.
The Annunciation Window tells the story of Gabriel’s appearance to Mary to announce the coming birth of Christ. In this window, Mary kneels in prayer as Gabriel approaches her holding lilies—a symbol of Mary. Scripture tells us the beautiful story in which Gabriel proclaims, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God,” (Luke 1:30) and Mary replies, “Behold, I am the handmaid of the Lord.” (Luke 1:38).
The Saint Peter Window is based on Matthew 16:19, “I will give you the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven.” Jesus is shown giving a set of keys to Peter, symbolizing the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven, made evident by Christ raising his left arm as he points toward Heaven. The icon for this window is a pelican, an ancient symbol for Christ’s sacrifice. It is said in times of famine, the pelican would draw blood from itself to give to its young.
The Immaculate Conception Window is based on the Murillo painting, “Immaculate Conception.” Unlike the Transfiguration window, the entire painting of Mary is visible. Added at its base are four angels, one holding a crown symbolic of Mary’s status as Queen of Heaven. The window is positioned so that it faces the Transfiguration Window, which depicts Jesus as the King of Heaven.
The Our Lady of the Thumb Window (also shown on brochure cover) is based on Giovanni Battista Salvi da Sassoferrato’s oil painting, the “Madonna of the Thumb”. This particular piece of art gained its name because all that can be seen in the work is the face of the Blessed Mother and her thumb peeking out of the blue of her veil.
The center of any Rose Window is of great significance. In our Cathedral, the window encourages a devotion to Mary and a desire to “uncover” Christ fully for all to see.